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Politics


Two plans in the Statehouse would revamp Medicaid
Similar proposals differ on the key issue of expanding the program
by WKSU's ANDY CHOW


Reporter
Andy Chow
 
Sen. Dave Burke (R-Marysville) pushes his Medicaid reform bill
Courtesy of ANDY CHOW
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In The Region:

Two lawmakers are stumping for their plans to revamp Medicaid. Both want to set measures that control the cost, but as Statehouse correspondent Andy Chow reports, they disagree when it comes to the key issue of expansion.

LISTEN: Andy Chow reports the latest steps for Ohio's Medicid changes

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As he unveils his plan to overhaul Medicaid, Sen. Dave Burke points to a graph showing the program’s costs slowly engulfing the rest of state spending.

"I think one would have a hard time arguing that that’s a stable growth environment for Medicaid. It technically puts the entire system at risk as it nears what eventually could be 100 percent of the state budget.”

The Republican senator from Marysville says something must be done to slow down the growing expenses. He says his bill creates a path for the state to meet certain goals that will improve health outcomes while containing the costs.

Expansion is no where in this bill
One thing his proposal doesn’t address is Medicaid expansion. The senator says the bill tackles the much larger problem of spending, whether the state decides to expand Medicaid eligibility or not.

"Medicaid reform is an issue I’ve been working on since 2009 — that’s before the Affordable Care Act, that’s before President Obama. This a $30 billion issue in Medicaid and rather than focus on a $2 billion question,I’m focusing on the things that I know are in front of me. The growth of Medicaid, the $30 billion ‘Pac-Man’ as it’s been referred to, is happening now. I’m working in the now.”

Expansion proponents counter
Sen. Capri Cafaro, a Democrat from Warren, was a co-sponsor with Burke on previous legislation to reform Medicaid. However, she and Burke split to create two bills with similar goals. The biggest difference: Cafaro’s plan includes expansion.

"Any effort that does not include expansion will not fully achieve ... any kind of really significant results in the same way. The inclusion of that population does enable us to reduce the overall risk associated with the overall Medicaid population resulting in overall reduced costs.”

One of the measures set by Burke’s plan would set the per-member, per-month spending rate at 3 percent. This means the amount of money the state pays for each Medicaid enrollee can’t exceed 3 percent growth or the medical inflation rate, whichever is lower.

With all the variables that come with health care, Burke says the 3 percent goal is something that can be established right now.

“I can’t tell you how many people are going to be on Medicaid in a year because if the economy improves, we’ll have less people; if it doesn’t we’ll have more. But the per member, per month growth rate is something that we can set targets on, negotiate, and work towards.”

The 'what' and the 'how'
While Cafaro commends Burke for his work and thoughts on the issue, she believes setting the spending growth cap using a five-year weighted average of the medical  inflation rate would allow the administration more flexibility.

“So that we were not setting up the administration, nor policymakers, for failure not knowing ultimately where the medical rate of inflation would land.”

Burke says his bill includes no penalties if this goal isn’t met. But he says the bill ensures the administration and the General Assembly will be held accountable for keeping the state on a stable road.

“We’re looking for a policy path. This bill is the ‘what;’ there may be a lot of legislative ‘hows,' but this bill is the ‘what.’”

The Republican senator says this plan lays out Ohio’s future long after he, the governor and the rest of the current legislators leave office.
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